What is gynecological sarcoma?
– Sarcoma is a cancer that grows from a muscle, nerve, blood vessel or fat of a gynecological organ. Thus, there is ovarian sarcoma, uterine sarcoma, vaginal sarcoma, vulvar sarcoma, but there are also sarcomas of the origin of the surrounding tissues in the pelvis that can be diagnosed by a gynecologist. Sarcomas are rare diseases.
What are the symptoms of gynecological sarcoma?
– The symptoms depend on where the cancer is in your body. For example, uterine sarcoma can cause bleeding:
- Bleeding between menstrual cycles
- Menstrual bleeding heavier than usual
- Any vaginal bleeding in a woman who has already gone through menopause
Ovarian sarcoma can cause a feeling of pain in the abdomen, a problem with emptying. You will notice sarcoma of the vulva first as a lump, while sarcoma of the vagina can cause a pain problem with emptying stool or urine, as well as abnormal bleeding from the vagina.
These symptoms can be caused by some other diseases, but if you notice them, contact us for an examination or online consultation.
Is there a test for sarcoma?
– Yes. Which test we use depends on which organ we suspect. The final diagnosis is made by biopsy.
What is sarcoma staging?
– Determining how much sarcoma has spread.
Proper treatment will depend on the type and stage of the sarcoma and where it is located in your body.
How is sarcoma treated?
– Most people with sarcoma have one or more of the following treatments:
- Surgical treatment – Removal of the gynecological organ affected by sarcoma.
- Radiation therapy – radiation kills sarcoma cells.
- Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy is a medical term for drugs that kill sarcoma cells or stop them from growing.
What happens after treatment?
– Treatment is followed by monitoring. You will come for check-ups at certain time intervals in order to check if the sarcoma is returning. Tests usually include blood tests and imaging tests.
What happens if the sarcoma returns or spreads?
– If the sarcoma returns or spreads, we can treat it surgically, with radiation, chemotherapy or targeted therapies.